UNESCO stands for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It is one of the 15 legally independent specialised agencies within the United Nations organisations and is based in Paris. Austria joined UNESCO on 13 August 1948. UNESCO currently has 193 Member States and 11 associate members.
“Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed.” This is the guiding principle of UNESCO, as stated in the preamble of its constitution, which was signed by 37 countries on 16 November 1945 in London. This notion is now more relevant than ever. UNESCO’s goal is to contribute to maintaining peace and security through promoting international collaboration in education, science, culture and communication. This is because the experiences of World War II have taught us that “a peace based exclusively upon the political and economic arrangements of governments would not be a peace which could secure the unanimous, lasting and sincere support of the peoples of the world, and that the peace must therefore be founded, if it is not to fail, upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind .” (UNESCO constitution).